The dog has specific dietary needs.
We offer in this article a complete guide to feeding it well.
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Dog's nutritional needs
Initially, the dog is carnivorous. Its dentition is made for cutting meat and crushing bones. It quickly digests energy food. By domesticating it, its digestive system has gradually adapted to assimilate foods of plant and animal origin according to the diet offered to it. It is accepted that the dog is carnivorous with an omnivorous tendency.
- Whatever the feeding method chosen, its composition must be adapted to his age (puppy, adult, senior), his size (small, medium, large dog), his personal situation (sterilized, overweight ...), his expense (calm, active) and his health problems (allergy, diabetes…).
It was a certain Mr. James Spratt who lived in Cincinnati who brought the first kibbles to the market in 1860.
- Dry dog food consists of meat or fish, cereals and vegetables. It adds fat, vitamins and minerals.
- They have the advantage of keeping well, of being easy to digest, of participating in oral hygiene through chewing, of being balanced and adapted to each dog's life cycle or pathology. There is a therapeutic range.
- They allow you to control a budget.
- They should be served with fresh water, as it is a dry food.
It is strongly recommended to move towards premium quality in order to have high quality food. Go his way if the composition begins with "by-products".
Dog food contains meat or fish, grains, vegetables, vitamins, minerals and texturing agents.
- They are found in the form of pâté, terrines, meatballs, bites or jellies.
- Manufactured in the factory, they are packaged in sterilized boxes or sachets.
- They adapt to each age of the dog. The pâtés are difficult to keep, scale the teeth, cause overweight and represent a significant cost. There is a therapeutic range.
- They can be given occasionally to please or to older dogs (more teeth) and convalescent.
- They are often used for small dogs whose appetites are more difficult to satisfy. Wet, they provide good hydration.
- They must be chosen with a high rate of fresh meat (or fish) and a low rate of cereals.
The BARF and the household ration
Good alternative for dogs on the mend, allergic, difficult or who do not digest kibble well, it is essential to develop a BARF recipe or a household ration with your veterinarian on pain of offering your dog a deficient diet.
BARF or Biologically Appropriate Raw Food (which can be translated as Biologically Appropriate Raw Food) was put forward by Dr Ian Billinghurst in the 1990s. This diet is similar to the original diet of the canine. The dog is offered raw meat, fleshy bones, offal, various fruits and vegetables.
Over time, this diet has evolved into a more balanced version. Oils, eggs, dairy products and a vitamin and mineral supplement have been added to it.
Benefits of BARF in dogs
- The BARF has the advantage of being a high quality, digestible food suitable for all dogs. Very palatable, dogs love it.
- The quantities to be given are greater than for the croquettes. The animal is well satiated.
- The BARF dietrequires a great effort of chewing (fleshy bone) which contributes to excellent oral hygiene.
- We observe in the dog fed with BARF a silky and provided coat which falls less, a gain in shape and a harmonious and muscular silhouette.
Disadvantages of BARF in dogs
- However, the BARF takes a long time to prepare and requires organization. You have to have the space to store the different foods and always have them available.
- Meat should be frozen to prevent bacteria growth, as it is given raw.
- This diet represents a significant budget. A large dog can eat 600 grams of meat per day. There are specialty sites that offer freezer sachets with the daily amount that matches your dog's size. The prices are attractive and the meats are varied.
- It’s more complicated to keep a dog that has this diet.
- The household rationapproaches the BARF diet. The food is given cooked and added a serving of starchy foods such as rice or pasta and oil. It is interesting to give in addition to brewer's yeast for the beauty of the skin, the claws and the coat.
- It has the same drawbacks.
Feed your dog well
To know if the choice of food for your dog is the right one, just observe it:
- He must eat it with appetite.
- Its food is well digested if its stools are well molded. In case of diarrhea, gas or too frequent and bulky stools, you should change your food.
- His coat should be shiny and apart from shedding, hair loss should be reasonable.
- Its weight must remain stable. It happens that the manufacturers change the recipe of their croquettes and your dog gains or loses weight (adding fats or proteins of less good quality). If you do this, consider looking at the composition.
- In case of allergy or repeated ear infections, you must ask yourself questions. Some dogs are allergic to beef or can only tolerate fish.
Dangerous foods for dogs
- Pits and seeds (contain cyanide),
- Grapes (renal failure)
- Tomato plant (intestinal disorder),
- Avocado (digestive, respiratory and heart problems),
- And of course dark chocolate which contains theobromine. For a dog with a dark chocolate allergy, ten grams can be fatal.
To think about: "Take care of your body, this is the unique place you have to live. "
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